Arequipa Peru History
In this series about Peruvian history, we pay tribute to Arequipa, which has grown from 200,000 to a million in just 30 years. It is Peru's second largest city after Lima (which is ten times larger) and home to some of the largest cities in South America and the largest population in the world with over 860,000 inhabitants.
It also preserves something that gives the food of Arequipa a special breed: it has a rich history, a unique culture and a strong sense of pride in its heritage. Peru itself is still home to some of the best food in the world and one of Peru's most famous food traditions. If you talk to anyone in Peru, they will say queso is the most important ingredient in their diet and they have the "best food" of all countries.
Although the conquistadors and their descendants preferred the warmth of the low altitude of Arequipa to the Inca capital of Cusco, the city is still home to a lot of interesting colonial history. Indeed, the old Inca seat of Cuzco is still perceived by many as the country's capital of culture. A good example of colonial times is the statue of a young woman standing solemnly in front of the grave of her father in Cuzco, one of the oldest monuments in Peru.
The adventurous traveler will not want to miss the Colca Canyon, located in the southern part of Arequipa, just a few kilometers from Cuzco.
Arequipa is located in southern Peru, just a few kilometers from Cuzco, the capital of the Andes.
The city is part of Peru's so-called southern tourist corridor and includes the Cuzco Valley, where the Inca temple of Raqchi is located. The Plaza de Armas in Arequipa is considered one of the most popular tourist attractions in Peru, as its beauty and cultural value are immediately apparent when you step onto the plaza. Afterwards, after lunch, we explored the original Inca foundations, where many buildings are exhibited. We visited the huge Inca ruins of a huge village and the ancient city centre, both of which were destroyed by the Incas, including the old town hall, the main church and a number of other important buildings.
We rested in a terraced field from the Inca era, which rests on a valley surrounded by three volcanoes and offers a beautiful view of the Cuzco Valley and the three mountains as well as the valley itself. It is located in the southern part of Arequipa, a few kilometers from the city center and a short walk from Raqchi.
It is often referred to as the legal capital of Peru and is the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru. The city has an international airport, Rodriguez Ballon Airport, which offers daily flights to Lima and Cusco. It can fly in and out of Santiago de Compostela, the capital of Colombia and the second largest city in the country.
No matter what activities you do, Arequipa has a special place for everyone who visits the White City of Peru. Spanish spoken in Peru is unique in the region and combines the Castilian language with many native terms such as Quechua and Aymara. Compared to Lima and Cusco, it is a great place to learn Spanish due to the variety of languages. It was founded by the QueChua, descendants of the Incas, as well as the indigenous peoples of Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Colombia.
The public areas in the historic center of Arequipa are owned and managed by the Peruvian Government and the Provincial Municipality of Isla de los Pueblos, the Provincial Government of Peru and the Province of Peru.
As an urban center in the southern Andes, Arequipa is undoubtedly a must-see destination for any traveler on a trip to Peru.
The colonial city of Arequipa in Peru can really give you the feeling of being transported to a European metropolis. Unlike other Peruvian cities, it is the birthplace of the Spanish mestizo culture that developed in Peru and embodies the colonial style of architecture, architecture and culture of its time. The best example of this colonial style is the historic center of the city, the Plaza de los Caballeros, one of Peru's most popular tourist attractions.
Arequipa was founded by the Spanish in 1540 and dates back to its origins as the capital of the colonial Viceroy of Peru. The name "Peru" was ubiquitous during this colonial period and was used to denote a large part of this powerful viceroy in Lima and other parts of South America.
Although the name "Peru" was used by foreigners to describe the indigenous Inca population, they called themselves Tahuantinsuyu, which means "four quarters" in Quechua. After the Spanish conquered the Inca Empire, Arequipa was settled by tribes related to the Tiwanaku culture. Later it was part of the Collagua, Cabana and Aruni civilizations, which were incorporated into the Inca Empire in the mid-16th century. Before the Spanish conquest of Peru in 1540 and later during the colonial period, IsquIPa was a center of the "Collaguanas" and "Cabana" or "Aruni," which had been part of the INCA empire since the mid-16th century.